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Betalain biosynthesis - Physcomitrella patens subsp. patens


Model information
Identifier: BMID000000039030
Format: SBML L3 V1 (Layout)
Project: path2models
Categories: metabolic
Submission: 17 May 2012 23:43:52 UTC
Last modified: 10 Dec 2012 07:07:11 UTC
Published: 20 May 2012 00:49:21 UTC
occursIn Physcomitrella patens subsp. patens Taxonomy
isDerivedFrom Betalain biosynthesis KEGG Pathway
Model of “Betalain biosynthesis” in “Physcomitrella patens subsp. patens”
Betalains are water-soluble nitrogen-containing pigments that are present in plants belonging to the order Caryophyllales (such as cactus and amaranth families) and in higher fungi. They contain betalamic acid as the chromophore and are classified into two types: betacyanins and betaxanthins. Betacyanins contain a cyclo-DOPA residue and exhibit red/violet coloration, while betaxanthins contain different amino acids or amino side chains and exhibit a yellow/orange coloration. The condensation of betalamic acid with amino acids (including cyclo-DOPA or amines) in plants is a spontaneous reaction, not an enzyme-catalyzed reaction.

Graphical representation of 'Betalain biosynthesis (Physcomitrella patens subsp. patens)'
(PNG image hosted by the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes, KEGG).
This model has been automatically generated by KEGGtranslator V2.2.0 (KEGGtranslator: visualizing and converting the KEGG PATHWAY database to various formats. Wrzodek C, Dräger A, Zell A. Bioinformatics . 2011, 27 :2314-2315) using information coming from the KEGG PATHWAY Database ( original pathway ).
This model has been produced by the path2models project, it is currently hosted on BioModels Database and identified by: BMID000000039030 .
To the extent possible under law, all copyright and related or neighbouring rights to this encoded model have been dedicated to the public domain worldwide. Please refer to CC0 Public Domain Dedication for more information.